Taking U.S. Franchises Global
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Keeping ahead of the wars, economic meltdowns, and political disasters

One of our jobs for our U.S. clients is to look two to three years ahead, figure out where wars will raging, where economic meltdowns will be occurring, and where political disasters are looming – then take our clients elsewhere!
The key to successful international business is constant monitoring of the economies around the world and being ready to move quickly to higher potential and calmer countries.

Why do we need to do all this? Our company exports U.S. franchise brands.

We act as an outsourced international development department for brands such as Build-A- Bear Workshop®, Denny’s®, International Dairy Queen, Lawry’s® The Prime Rib, Massage Heights®, Everlast Fitness® and Mosquito Squad®. One of our primary tasks is helping the brands prioritize the countries they enter, focusing on countries that have the highest ROI potential for the specific brand.

Recently, the CEO of one of the brands we work with told me that our job was to look two to three years ahead, figure out where the wars will be and take them elsewhere.

It turns out this is just a little bit funny – while at the same time being quite serious.

I would restate this to looking two to three years ahead not only to determine the potential for war, but also the potential for economic meltdowns and political disasters.

This is important due to the fact that it can take two to three years to find and sign a country licensee, and then another one to two years to get the first unit of the franchise open in a country.

How do we do this? Research, research and more research.

We subscribe to 25 international business data and analysis sources. We have team members on the ground in 32 countries. And our US-based executive team collectively has 120 years of international experience living and working in over 69 countries. We have a full time Director of Research who monitors our sources and watches for trends.

That being said, there are still ‘exciting’ events that change the potential for finding investors in a target country that are ready and willing to make the new investment required to acquire the license of one of our U.S. franchise brands.

Two examples are the recent United Kingdom Brexit vote and the disintegration of Turkey as a place to do business.

No one really thought about what the consequences of actually voting to leave the European Union would be. Now we are beginning to see consequences – and all is not good. Where were the adults when this was happening?

I lived in Turkey in the mid 1980s and it was a great place to reside and to work. It was the world’s only secular, Muslim democracy. Turkey had a female Supreme Court judge before the USA, and a female Prime Minister in the 1990s. Over the past 10 years, things have gradually changed, and now Turkey is no longer secular and it is not really a democracy. The Ottoman Sultan seems to have returned after 100 years. The rapid GDP growth rate is being replaced with the rapid growth of inflation. In recent weeks, inward investment has stopped, and Turkish business people are not making any new investments. Our company has closed our office in Istanbul.

On the other side of the coin is Argentina. For several decades this country has been run by poor governments that defaulted on international loans and paid foreign franchisors their royalties in soy beans. Early in 2016 a new and radically different government came into power. In a matter of a few months they settled the long standing debt problem and made the local currency float free against the dollar. New inward investment is staggering as this first world country with a highly educated population is starved for new products, services and brands. We have started marketing U.S. franchise brands in Argentina for the first time since the mid 1990s. As a local business person told me, “The U.S. dollars have come out of the Argentinean mattresses for the first time in decades.”

At the end of the day we have learned that constant research is key to looking ahead. We have also learned that there will always be surprises. The key to successful international business is constant monitoring of the economies around the world and being ready to move quickly to higher potential and calmer countries.

EGS publishes research projects related to global business development, most notably the GlobalVue™ franchise country ranking, which has been published quarterly since 2001. The latest version of this country ranking tool can be downloaded at the following link: EGS-Dual-GlobalVue-0716.pdf

William Edwards, CEO of Edwards Global Services, Inc., has 40 years of international business experience. He has lived in 7 countries, worked on projects in more than 60, and has advised more than 50 U.S. companies on international development. Contact him at +1 949 375 1896, bedwards@edwardsglobal.com, or read his blog at Geowizard.biz

A version of this blog first appeared In the Fall 2016 edition of the International Executive Resources Group (IERG) Fall 2016 ‘IERG Connect’ newsletter.


Ranking Countries as Places to Franchise Into – A Few Parameters

To enter a country, a franchisor has to find a licensee, secure trademarks, sign an international license agreement, train the new licensee, travel to their country and provide on-going support in order for the licensee to start-up and grow properly to produce royalties. Therefore, the biggest challenge a franchisor has in taking their brand global is choosing the right countries that will give them the best Return On Investment (ROI).

Some of the most important parameters the franchisor needs to know are: (1) the size of the consumer market that can afford their product or service in a country; (2) the legal environment and whether it will allow them to maintain control of their brand if a problem occurs; (3) how easy is it for a foreign company/brand to enter a country and what barriers to entry exist; (4) how easy is it to open a new business in a country keeping in mind that franchises are usually new business; and (5) what is the political and economic stability – or instability – of a country.

EGS has been evaluating and ranking countries as places to franchise on a quarterly basis since the founding of our company in 2001. We developed a tool for this – GlobalVue™. The latest issue – 2nd quarter 2014 – can be downloaded at the following link: http://edwardsglobal.com/index.php/globalvue/

EGS uses more than 25 information sources to establish and monitor these key parameters. Plus, EGS has associates under contract in 32 countries that keep us up to date on their countries. This is not a one-time evaluation, but a constant research project.

Things can change quickly in a country, taking it from being open to foreign brands and lots of local company investment to a downward market where new entries will fail. And economic parameters in a country can also begin to change for the better, which makes for opportunity for those franchises who are monitoring the world consistently.

Market size for your franchised products or services is key. Lots of people in a country does not automatically make for lots of consumers who can afford to buy your franchised products or services. Take Indonesia with a population of 240 million and a strong desire for US franchises. The consumer base for most US franchises is the middle and upper class, which is about 20% of this number. Still a significant potential market!

A few years ago the World Bank studied the occurrence of new investment by companies in a country. This is a very important parameter for franchisors because we need new investment happening to find licensees who will invest in our brands. The World Bank found that countries with annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth of 4% or more are seeing new investment. 2-4% growth was ‘okay’. Less than 2% annual growth resulted in little new business creation. This makes sense and should be considered by franchisors looking at new countries to enter. If businesses are investing then we generally find consumers are also spending. This, or course, results in sales at businesses and royalties for franchisors.

Three years ago, Ireland was near the top of countries to franchise into. Today, unfortunately, their GDP growth rate is near zero and they are trying to recover from almost 20% unemployment. But Ireland is very receptive to US franchises and will come back in the future. So, it is important to keep up with global trends in order to focus your annual marketing on the countries most likely to give you a good ROI.

Another big challenge is how corrupt a country is because this directly impacts your licensee’s ability to do business and make a profit. And US companies are held responsible for how their licensees do business in their country under the U.S.’s Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977.

Here are links for information on particular parameters mentioned in this blog posting.

(1) Political and economic stability can be research through these free online resources:

www.economist.com
www.ft.com

(2) The ease of starting a new business in a country is usually tied to the economic freedom to open a new business in a country.

www.freetheworld.com/release.html
www.heritage.org/index
www.fraserinstitute.org/programs-initiatives/economic-freedom.aspx

(3)       Legal concerns are important to evaluate so you will know how easy or difficult it is to franchise in a country and whether you can protect your brand in the case of a problem.

www.franchise.org/IndustrySecondary.aspx?id=45874

(4)       Corruption in a country impacts the ability of a business (franchise) to succeed. One of the best sources of information on country corruption can be found at the Transparency International website and on their Corruption Perception Index that measures more than 50 local parameters.

www.cpi.transparency.org/cpi2013/


The World Economy Is Up! No, Down!

How to Choose Where to Take Your Franchise in 2014

Recent world business headlines have swung from euphoria on the growth of the world’s economy to mild panic that the world is falling down. “Global growth is now projected to be slightly higher in 2014, at around 3.7 percent, rising to 3.9 percent in 2015”, according to the World Economic Outlook (WEO) Update: “Is the Tide Rising?”, January 2014. This source goes on to say, “In some economies, there is a need to manage vulnerabilities associated with weakening credit quality and larger capital outflows.”

There is new pessimism about the BRICS countries: Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. Latin America’s growth has fallen from about 6% in 2010 to about 2.5% in 2013. Some sources ask if the BRICS are in a midlife crisis. In fact three of the BRICS – Brazil, India and South Africa – are being called part of the ‘Fragile Five” with the other two countries being Turkey and Indonesia. (Source: World Economic Forum blog by Nouriel Roubini, January 24, 2014.)

There has been a significant fall in currencies of Turkey, Brazil, South Africa, India and Russian against the dollar in recent days. “Argentina woes weigh on EM currencies”, Financial Times, January 24, 2014.

Why are these emerging markets seeing declines? Is this caused by internal economic problems? Not exactly. Russia has seen a dramatic fall in foreign direct investment (FDI) due to rule of law challenges. Brazil has seen a fall in FDI due to protectionist government policies and the extremely difficult requirements to start up new businesses in the country. South Africa has real wage and union challenges, and the central bank controls payment in hard currency. Argentina, Venezuela South, both have huge inflation and a currency that is set against the dollar at an unrealistic level. Turkey is in the 12th year of the AK Party running everything and its leaders are seeing internal problems that are not good for FDI.

China seems to be cooling off in the manufacturing sector, which means less imports of commodities from various BRICS countries. But there is evidence that the central government is working hard to turn a government sector economy into a consumer driven economy. China remains a great market to sell into. Consumer wages are increasing dramatically, as is the discretionary income of the middle class consumer. India, despite the pending elections and bureaucracy, remains a country with over 250 million middle class consumers who desire western products and services and can pay for them. But it is absolutely critical to chose the country licensees extremely carefully.

But there is general agreement that what we are seeing today is not a repeat of the 1997 Asian currency crisis. The large emerging markets are much more diverse today and their middle class consumer base is dramatically higher than is was 17 years ago. Brazil, China, India and Indonesia are now ‘Engines’ of consumer spending, not tied completely to commodity export income or the economies of the first world. With a combined middle and upper class population of more than 600 million, these countries generate a high level of consumer spending internally

So, what do franchisors seeking to sell into the BRICS+ do? I submit that you do research to find out the real cause of problems in the emerging markets and focus your efforts in 2014 on those that are least likely to interfere in their economy and most likely to welcome FDI without protectionist policies. Watch for projections of 4% or more real annual Gross Domestic Product (GDP) growth – follow ‘The Economist” magazine’s weekly analysis. The World Bank sees real economic growth and new investment when the GDP growth rate is 4% or more in a country.

http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2014/update/01/index.htm

http://www.voxeu.org/article/overstated-pessimism-over-latin-america

http://forumblog.org/2014/01/brics-midlife-crisis/

http://www.ft.com/intl/cms/s/0/f42b9c92-8523-11e3-86f7-00144feab7de.html?siteedition=intl#axzz2rR6S1cLv

http://www.economist.com/news/economic-indicators/21595021-output-prices-and-jobs

http://www.cnbc.com/id/101364841


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